Tooth decay is one of the most common dental problems. It generally can occur in anyone, but is almost entirely preventable.
Tooth decay occurs when bacteria in the mouth convert sugars left on the tooth surface into acid, which slowly erodes the tooth. Over time, more and more of the tooth structure is dissolved and a cavity develops.
Tooth decay can be prevented with good oral hygiene, appropriate fluoride exposure and a sensible diet. The dentists at Mascot Dental Clinic can show you how to brush and floss to help reduce the amount of bacteria left on the tooth surfaces. Use of a fluoridated toothpaste and rinsing your mouth with water after food can make teeth more resistant to acid attacks. Minimizing sugary or acidic food and drinks can also help prevent decay.
Tooth decay can be painful, or it can be entirely symptomless. As the disease progresses, the tooth becomes weaker and the nerve may become infected. That is why it is important to have periodic check-ups and X-rays to ensure that any initial decay is identified early to prevent symptoms and stop progression.